A significant risk zone for take-and-pay contracts appears at the beginning of deliveries. If the buyer is delayed in commissioning the facilities necessary to supply the goods, the seller still expects that the obligation to take or pay begins on the first delivery date of the contract: deliveries cannot begin, but the commitment to take-or-pay begins. However, the seller must be able to prove that the seller is available, despite the buyer`s delay, to provide the goods for delivery. Otherwise, the buyer can prove that the seller cannot complete the delivery, he can possibly argue that the amount of TOP is reduced, eliminating the delimitation of the take or payment. When faced with this problem, the seller still has to do all his power to demonstrate his ability to deliver the goods. In practice, this meant that vendors completed wells and completely occupied production facilities, when it was clear that their buyer would be put into service several months or years too late. Since a take-pay buyer is at any time free to take the amount of TOP in any year (in many contracts, the buyer even has the right to plan the delivery and then refuse to accept the delivery if he is the subject of a tender) without violating a service obligation or is not – as long as the buyer pays the corresponding payment at the end of the year – a seller must understand that attentive , in the worst case, a take-or pay clause goes up to an entire year without making deliveries to the buyer or receiving payments from the buyer. Therefore, the seller should ensure that he has at least a sufficient guarantee of payment from the buyer to cover a full compensation or payment obligation. It is also important to note that, in most cases, the seller in take-pay contracts under U.S. law, to which Article 2 of the Single Code of Commerce (UCC) applies, cannot, in most cases, receive “reasonable assurances” to require an additional guarantee from the buyer in the event of a stop-or-pay, since these UCC fees are based on the seller`s “reasonable grounds for uncertainty.” which usually occurs in the event of a real or imminent violation or a delay in payment from the buyer. 4.1.1. Relationship between the contractual terms between the seller and the buyer (customer) and the contract between the seller and the supplier. The prohibition against imposing heavier conditions in the contract between seller-supplier  means that the determination of the damage must take into account the overall economic situation of the injured person, i.e.
the negative and positive consequences of the adverse event. Company A agrees to purchase 100 million cubic feet of natural gas from Company B. If at the time of delivery, Company A takes only 80 million cubic feet, then it will pay a fine. The fine is based on pre-agreed terms. The rules for taking or paying are very common in the energy sector, as suppliers provide significant overheads for the supply of energy units such as natural gas or crude oil and the volatility of energy prices for energy raw materials. The overhead costs associated with the supply of crude oil in relation to a discount are very high. Take or Pay contracts encourage energy suppliers to invest in advance because they have a degree of certainty that they will be able to sell their products. In the absence of rules for making or paying, suppliers bear the risk that the buyer`s persistent energy needs will run out or that higher prices may induce the buyer to break the contract. Suppliers could also delay buyers if they have made overhead investments that lose value if the buyer does not purchase the production as agreed, without the guaranteed minimum product of a buyback or buyback contract.