After Bhutan, Bangladesh will be the second neighbour with which India has reached a final land border agreement. I hope that this will show the way to a similar agreement with Nepal and, finally, China. BJP and Trinamool had strongly opposed the deal in previous cases. The state of Assam also strongly opposed the deal until April 2015, but agreed to control illegal immigration. Although these people are currently Indian citizens on paper, they often find it difficult to claim their status. They feel unequally treated in the provision of basic infrastructure such as electricity, drinking water, land papers and adequate roads. One of these immediate distinctions was the patent when visiting the enclave of Madhya Mashaldanga Dinhata Block. Once a Bangladeshi enclave, it had an Indian enclave that was enclosed there, namely Mancheshaoraguri. A year after the historic exchanges, the people of Madhya Madhaldanga have become Indian citizens, but they still lack electricity, campaign papers and voter cards, while Mancheshaoraguri, which has only one family, is equipped with all these facilities. At present, this is the situation in all the enclaves of Cooch Behar.
Another important topic raised by all the new citizens interviewed is the acquisition of land.  “India and Bangladesh sign historic land border agreement.” The Hindu Business Line, 6 June 2015. www.thehindubusinessline.com/economy/india-bangladesh-sign-historic-land-boundary-agreement/article7289332.ece. India and Bangladesh have a land border of about 4,100 km. This limit was set in 1947 by the Radcliffe Prize as the land border between India and East Pakistan, but disputes over some aspects soon erupted. After Bangladesh`s independence, India and Bangladesh signed the Boundary Agreement (“AMLA 1974”) in 1974 to resolve outstanding issues. The AMLA 1974 was amended in 2011 by an Additional Protocol (“2011 Protocol”, together with the AMLA of 1974, the “Land Boundary Agreement”). The AMLA of 1974 requested the replacement of these injurious goods.
However, in the 2011 protocol, India and Bangladesh both agreed to cross the international border in order to recognise the status quo. It was recognized that people living in disadvantaged areas had strong ties to their countries and were not ready to be uprooted. The 2011 protocol also recognised that the territories with injurious property, which the AMLA requested to be transferred from 1974, were in fact de facto owned by the country. In this regard, the 2011 Protocol was only the (de jure) legal recognition of this fact by India and Bangladesh.  “Change of country: can an agreement be reached?” The Hindu, March 26, 2015. www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/land-swap-can-a-deal-be clinched/article7032651.ece?ref=relatedNews. The agreement itself is historic, because for the first time, India will have a fully demarcated border with one of its neighbors. In a joint statement, after the signing of two agreements, the Indian prime minister said the signing of the land border protocol will resolve all issues relating to border areas, enclaves and undemarcated lands. Indira Gandhi and Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, President of Bangladesh, agreed in 1974 to demarcate the border between the two countries. Subsequently, the two governments arrived at common maps of 4,096 km – but controversial enclaves left 6.5 km unresolved. Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina called the country`s border agreement a historic moment in bilateral relations and added that the Framework Agreement on Cooperation and Development is a visionary document that considers not only today`s reality, but also tomorrow`s potential.
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